ISO/TS 16949 Piles on the Requirements This Year

by Jonathan Hunt,Chad Kymal published on July 03, 2019

ISO/TS 16949 Piles on the Requirements This Year

By Chad Kymal, CTO , Omnex Inc

Background to ISO TS 16949:2016 Release

In 2014 based on a statement made by the IATF, there was a general feeling that the Automotive Industry would not upgrade the ISO TS 16949 standard to the new ISO 9001. Hearing this news caused some general dismay in the Automotive Industry. In a survey conducted that year, the Tier One suppliers to the Automotive Industry related their desire to update their management systems to ISO 9001. Additionally, they were not happy with the Customer Specific Requirements or CSRs which are quite onerous in the Automotive Industry. Note, many years ago QS 9000, the predecessor to ISO TS 16949, was written to reduce the proliferation of standards in the Automotive Industry. The number of new requirements coming from both the OEMs and Tier Ones in the last few years definitely looks like a return to the pre QS 9000 days.

The IATF took two steps based on this feedback from the Tier One Suppliers. One, they announced that the ISO TS 16949 would be updated to ISO 9001:2015 and that they were going to create a task force to update it. Second that they would try to understand customer needs before embarking on the change. When evaluating the draft standard to ISO TS 16949 the following are the forces affecting the 2016 standard.

Recent ethical scandals in the Automotive Industry, autonomous cars and automatic braking, and Tier One needs for simplifying Customer Specific Requirements are the main drivers of ISO TS 16949:2016. The recent NHTSA announcement brought about an agreement with 20 OEMS on equipping all new light duty vehicles with automatic braking and forward collision warning by 2022. This agreement and the race towards autonomous and semi-autonomous vehicles has resulted in a focus on product safety and embedded software in this standard. This along with recent ethical scandals involving a few OEMs in recalls and CAFÉ scores resulted in a requirement for Corporate Responsibility. Also, there are a number of accommodations taking requirements from Customer Specifics directly into the standard to reduce CSR differences between OEMs and Tier Ones.

ISO TS 16949:2016 Changes

Determining the number of "shalls" in these two standards allows us to make some interesting comparisons. One, that ISO TS 16949 has twice the number of “shalls” than that of ISO 9001:2015. Second, that there are 38 new “shalls” or requirements found in ISO TS 16949 from the IATF. The 38 new “shalls” represent roughly 30% of the ISO 9001:2015 requirements. Lastly, most of the new requirements of ISO TS 16949 are found in Clause 8 – Operation, which includes “product realization” in the previous standard.