IATF 16949:2016 Automotive Quality Management System Standard

by Jonathan Hunt,Dr. Ezequiel Ruiz published on August 27, 2019

The author of this article, Dr. Ezequiel Ruiz (Dr. EZ), holds certifications as a Certified Quality Engineer (CQE), Certified Black Belt, Certified Master Black Belt (Level 1 and Level 2), Certified Kaizen Sensei, Certified Leadership Facilitator from Pathways to Leadership Inc., Certified Private Accounting, Certified in Core Tools / Customer Specific Requirements-CSR, and IATF 16949:2016 / ISO 9001:2015 Lead Auditor.

IATF 16949:2016 Training

The objective of IATF 16949:2016 Training, is to develop a program for the entire organization whose objective is to increase their preparation so that they can effectively perform their tasks, protect their internal and external customers and their ability for continuous improvement.

IATF 16949:2016 Training is required on this Automotive Quality Management System Standard-QMS requirements for automotive production and relevant service parts organizations, throughout the organization.

Different levels of IATF 16949:2016 Training are recommended according to below levels:

  • Management
  • Supervisors
  • Team Leaders
  • Internal Auditors
  • An awareness for the entire organization

Duration of each IATF 16949:2016 Training depends on each level, for example, starting from an awareness level of one-day for the entire organization, to a five-days recommended for Lead Auditors. This will establish the baseline to understand IATF 16949:2016 Automotive Quality Management System Standard-QMS Requirements.

What is IATF 16949:2016?

IATF 16949:2016 is an Automotive Quality Management System Standard-QMS requirements for automotive production and relevant service parts organizations. It is developed by the International Automotive Task Force-IATF and the First Edition is from October 1, 2016.

This Standard is copyright protected by the members of the IATF and “IATF 16949:2016” is a trademark of the IATF.

In order to reproduce and/or translate any part of this Automotive 16949:2016 QMS Standard, request for permission should be addressed to one of the following national automotive trade associations below:

  • Associazione Nazionale Filiera Automobilistiche (ANFIA / Italy)
  • Automotive Industry Action Group (AIAG / USA)
  • Fédération des Industries des Ëquipements pour Véhicules (FIEV / France)
  • Society of Motor Manufacturers and Traders Ltd. (SMMT / UK)
  • Verband der Automobilindustrie e. V. (VDA / Germany)

This Automotive Quality Management System Standard which is also referred to as “Automotive QMS Standard” or can be otherwise known as “IATF 16949:2016”, along with customer specific requirements that’s applicable in Automotive, ISO 9001:2015 requirements, and ISO 9000:2015 defines the quality management system requirements that’s fundamental for automotive production and relevant service parts organizations. Thus, the Automotive 16949:2016 QMS Standard cannot be considered a stand-alone QMS Standard, and it has to be comprehended as a supplement to and should also be used in conjunction with this Standard- ISO 9001:2015 which is published as a separate ISO Standard.

IATF 16949:2016 (1st edition) is an innovative document, and includes a number of customer specific requirements in a consolidated form.

This Automotive 16949:2016 QMS Standard is linked to risk assessment that requires certain actions to address risks.

IATF 16949:2016

Who should certify to IATF 16949:2016

This Automotive 16949:2016 QMS Standard defines the quality management system requirements for the design and development, production and, assembly, installation, services for automotive-related products, including products with embedded software, if they are relevant.

This Standard is applicable for certain sites in an organization where manufacturing of customer-specified production parts, parts for service, and/or accessory parts take place. Companies that perform these activities can look for this Certification.

And it should be applied throughout the automotive supply chain.

All IATF 16949:2016 requirements are applicable; the only permitted exclusion is Product Design 8.3; the design of manufacturing processes cannot be excluded. Documentation must be maintained to justify the exclusion.

Benefits of IATF 16949:2016 Automotive Quality Management System Standard – QMS

The benefits of IATF implementation can be seen as

  1. A common understanding about the organization Automotive 16949:2016 QMS Standard development, and understanding of the development of a quality management system that provides for continual improvement.
  2. Emphasizing on defect prevention.
  3. Waste and variation reduction in supply chain
  4. Another benefit of IATF 16949:2016 implementation is that provides a common understanding of the organization level of development across all automotive production, and relevant service parts organizations.

Difference between ISO/TS 16949 and IATF 16949:2016

The 1st edition of ISO/TS 16949 was originally created in 1999 by the International Automotive Task Force (IATF). The aim of IATF was to harmonize the different assessment and certification systems in the supply chain for the automotive sector, across the globe. Further revisions were made in the 2nd edition in the year 2002 and the 3rd revision was released in the year 2009 which was necessary for automotive sector enhancements or for ISO 9001 revisions. ISO/TS 16949 along with supporting technical publications developed by original equipment manufacturers, shortly referred to as OEMs and the national automotive trade associations, introduced a common set of methods and techniques for common product and process development for worldwide automotive manufacturing as according to International Automotive Task Force (IATF).

According to IATF, in order to prepare to migrate from ISO/TS 16949:2009 (3rd edition) to Automotive QMS Standard, IATF 16949:2016 feedback was solicited from certification bodies, auditors, suppliers, and OEMs to create IATF 16949:2016 ( which is a 1st edition), that cancels and replaces ISO/TS 16949:2009 (which is 3rd edition).

This Automotive 16949:2016 QMS Standard is a more comprehensive actual document, incorporating the Customer Specific Requirements-CSR, actual Core Tools (Advanced Product Quality Planning-APQP, Failure Mode and Effect Analysis-FMEA, Measurement System-Analysis-MSA, Statistical Process Control-SPC, and Product Part Approval Process-PPAP. Control Plan is included in APQP Manual), and Risk Analysis.

The IATF maintains strong cooperation with ISO by continuing liaison ensuring continued alignment with ISO 9001.